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发布日期:2021-03-17 14:02:01 发布者:Admin5  点击率:

Author: David Beckham

作者:大卫·贝克汉姆

Proofreader: Cat Stu / Editor: Yakult

校对:Cat Stu /编辑:Yakult

Just a few years ago, the most familiar old friend of Beijing residents in the autumn and winter seasons was haze. It is not new to encounter multiple consecutive haze days in a winter. In the days of severe pollution, the entire city was shrouded in a gray-black dome. No one could see that it was a world-class modern city. Instead, they thought it was a post-industrial cyberpunk site.

就在几年前,北京居民在秋冬季节最熟悉的老朋友是阴霾。在冬天连续遇到多个阴霾天并不新鲜。在严重污染的日子里,整个城市被灰黑色的圆顶所笼罩。没有人能看到它是世界一流的现代城市。取而代之的是,他们认为这是后工业朋克网站。

In those few years, the Beijing style was hard to show

那几年,北京风很难展现出来

It's not an exaggeration to call "Haze City"

称“阴霾之城”并不夸张

(Picture: tung/Picture Chong Creative)▼

(图片:董/创创图片)▼

It’s not just Beijing that is affected by the smog.

受烟雾影响的不仅仅是北京。

However, there is no smog on the front window of the car

但是,汽车的前窗上没有烟雾

(Picture: xiaosan/Picture Chong Creative)▼

(图片:xiaosan /图片创创)▼

A few years have passed, but everyone clearly feels that the foggy days have become less. The typical examples are Beijing, Lanzhou, and Chengdu, three cities that were plagued by air pollution. Behind them are the many efforts China has made in air pollution control over the past few years.

几年过去了,但每个人显然都感到雾蒙蒙的日子变得越来越少。典型的例子是北京,兰州和成都,这三个城市受到空气污染的困扰。它们背后是中国过去几年在空气污染控制方面做出的许多努力。

Generally speaking, the air pollution in a city,

一般来说,城市的空气污染

The capital is like a "wonderland", but it affects flying

首都就像一个“仙境”,但它影响飞行

(Picture: Feel free to walk around/Creative Drawing)▼

(图片:随意走动/创意图)▼

Unfortunately, the three cities of Beijing, Lanzhou, and Chengdu are all cities with high emissions and poor diffusion conditions.

不幸的是,北京,兰州和成都这三个城市都是排放量高,扩散条件差的城市。

Take Beijing as an example. After the reform and opening up, the capital has grown rapidly. In the past 20 years, the total economic volume has increased by 10 times, the number of private vehicles has increased by 22 times, the energy consumption has increased by nearly 90%, and the population has increased by nearly 60%. And because of the characteristics of China’s energy structure,

以北京亚博登录手机为例。改革开放后,首都发展迅速。在过去的20年中,经济总量增长了10倍,私家车数量增长了22倍,能源消耗增长了近90%,人口增长了近60%。而且由于中国能源结构的特点,

Those two years were really scary

那两年真的很恐怖

(January 2013, North China Plain, picture from: NASA)▼

(2013年1亚博最新版在线登录月,华北平原,图片来自:美国国家航空航天局)▼

Lanzhou and Chengdu are not too much,

兰州和成都不是很多,

Lanzhou is an industrial system dominated by petroleum, chemical industry, machinery, and metallurgy.

兰州是一个以石油,化工,机械和冶金为主的工业体系。

It is also one of the production bases of my country's heavy chemical industry and energy

它也是我国重化工业和能源的生产亚博最新版在线登录基地之一

But these are also industries with more serious pollution

但是这些也是污染严重的行业

(Picture: Eyes of Solidification/ Creative Ideas)▼

(图片:凝固的眼睛/创意)▼

at the same time,

同时,

How much haze is exhausted, can’t get out

有多少雾霾耗尽,无法脱身

(In May 2011, Sichuan Basin, picture from: NASA)▼

(2011年5月,四川盆地亚博登录手机,图片来自:美国国家航空航天局)▼

Compared to those cities with only emission pressure or underdeveloped industries, it is not surprising that these three cities "stand out".

与那些只有排放压力或产业不发达的城市相比,这三个城市“脱颖而出”并不奇怪。

However, what many people did not expect was that in the air quality evaluations in recent years,

但是,很多人没想到的是,在最近几年的空气质量评估中,

Score from the improvement in air quality

从空气质量改善中得分

The achievements of these three cities are indeed impressive in large cities

这三个城市的成就在大城市中确实令人印象深刻

(Data: Asia Clean Air Center)▼

(数据:亚洲清洁空气中心)▼

According to the statistics of the Lanzhou Ecological Environment Status Bulletin in 2018 and 2019 issued by the Lanzhou Ecological Environment Bureau,

根据兰州生态环境局发布的《兰州生态环境状况公报》 2018年和2019年的统计数据,

As early as 2015, Lanzhou City won the "Today's Reform and Progress Award" at the Paris Climate Conference

早在2015年,兰州市就在巴黎气候大会上获得了“今日改革与进步奖”

Remove awards or data

删除奖励或数据

The people of Lanzhou must have the most intuitive feelings about air quality

兰州人必须对空气质量有最直观的感受

(photo: Wang Yunjiang / tuchong creative)

(photo: Wang Y UN将 / 图虫creative)

In the past three years, Beijing has rarely seen consecutive haze days. In the night after the rain, the stars can already be seen through the night sky; the citizens of Chengdu have the opportunity to see the "windows contain the Xiling Qianqiu Snow" again in the urban area. Beautiful view.

在过去的三年中,北京很少出现连续阴霾天气。雨后的夜晚,已经可以从夜空中看到星星。成都市市民有机会再次在市区看到“西陵千秋雪窗”。美丽的景色。

From Beijing Lantian occasionally board the hot search

从北京蓝田偶尔登上热门搜索

Until the citizens are accustomed to the blue sky

直到市民习惯了蓝天

This is the best answer to Beijing's atmospheric governance

这是北京大气治理的最佳答案

(Picture: Xianren Board / Picture Chong Creative)▼

(图片:仙人板/创创图片)▼

So transformed,

如此改变

One was released in 2013

其中一部于2013年发行

Behind Beijing, Lanzhou, and Chengdu, there are also a large number of first- and second-tier industrial cities whose air quality has improved significantly.

在北京,兰州和成都之后,还有大量的一线和二线工业城市,其空气质量得到了显着改善。

The annual report "Atmospheric China 2020: China's Air Pollution Prevention and Control Process" (hereinafter referred to as "Atmospheric China 2020") recently released by the International Environmental Protection Organization Clean Air Asia (Clean Air Asia) summarizes the effective policies in recent years.

国际环境保护组织亚洲清洁空气组织(Clean Air Asia)最近发布的年度报告《 2020年中国大气:中国的空气污染预防和控制过程》(以下简称“ 2020年中国大气”)总结了近年来的有效政策。 。

The report tracks the air quality performance and governance measures of 337 cities in China in the past year

该报告追踪了过去一年中国337个城市的空气质量绩效和治理措施

It is not only a summary but also a reflection on the future

它不仅是总结,而且是对未来的反思

(Picture: http://www.cleanairasia.cn)▼

(图片:http://www.cleanairasia.cn)▼

These air pollution prevention and control policies and the fact that China’s economy still maintains a relatively fast and positive growth also show that

这些空气污染防治政策以及中国经济仍保持较快和正增长的事实也表明,

The "Atmospheric China" series of reports objectively tracked China's air pollution prevention and control process since 2013. Judging from the 2020 report (which actually shows the situation in 2019), China’s air pollution prevention and control work in recent years,

“大气中国”系列报告客观地追踪了2013年以来中国的空气污染防治过程。从2020年报告(实际上显示了2019年的情况)来看,近年来中国的空气污染防治工作,

Annual average concentration of PM2.5 in 3 cities from 2013 to 2019

2013年至2019年3个城市的PM2.5年平均浓度

(Data: Asia Clean Air Center)▼

(数据:亚洲清洁空气中心)▼

However, this does not mean that in the future, China's air pollution prevention and control will be completely free of hidden concerns.

但是,这并不意味着将来中国的空气污染防治工作将完全摆脱隐患。

In 2019, 337 cities across the country continued the momentum of air quality improvement in the past, and more and more cities have met the requirements of the "Ambient Air Quality Standard" (GB3095-2012).

2019年,全国有337个城市延续了空气质量改善的势头,越来越多的城市达到了《环境空气质量标准》(GB3095-2012)的要求。

In previous years, five of the six major pollutants were able to achieve a decrease in annual average concentration; but in 2019, only PM10 and SO2 decreased.

在过去的几年中,六种主要污染物中的五种能够实现年均浓度的降低。但是在2019年,只有PM10和SO2减少了。

Annual average concentration of six standard pollutants in 2018 and 2019

2018年和2019年六种标准污染物的年平均浓度

(Photo: Asia Clean Air Center)▼

(照片:亚洲清洁空气中心)▼

Environmental improvement began to slow down,

环境改善开始放缓,

Take PM2.5, which everyone is most concerned about, for example. Although the annual average concentration in Beijing fell to 42 micrograms/cubic meter in 2019, the lowest value since monitoring in 2013.

以每个人最关心的PM2.5为例。尽管北京的年平均浓度在2019年降至42微克/立方米,但这是自2013年监测以来的最低值。

Pay attention to the concentration of PM2.5 every day

注意每天的PM2.5浓度

When the blue sky and white clouds appeared frequently, the public’s anxiety about air pollution was reduced.

当蓝天白云频繁出现时,公众对空气污染的担忧减少了。

But the road to governance is a long way to go

但是治理之路还有很长的路要走

(picture: sved Oliver / toong creative)

(图片:汗水奥利弗/童创意)

Another concern is that while the concentration of other pollutants has improved,

另一个担忧是,尽管其他污染物的浓度有所提高,

The ozone in the sky about 30 kilometers above the ground constitutes an ozone layer that blocks ultraviolet rays and is a circle that is beneficial to the earth's life. But if there is a lot of ozone near the ground, it’s not good news.

距地面约30公里的天空中的臭氧构成了阻止紫外线的臭氧层,并且是一个有益于地球生命的圆圈。但是,如果附近有很多臭氧,那不是好消息。

The ozone in the sky is the sunscreen of the earth

天空中的臭氧是地球的防晒霜

Over the years, it has been hurt by the large-scale application of Freon

多年来,它已受到氟利昂的大规模应用的伤害

At the same time, harmful ozone near the ground is increasing

同时,靠近地面的有害臭氧层也在增加

(photo: NASA)

(照片:NASA)

Since my country's comprehensive monitoring of ozone in 2013, the overall annual average concentration of ozone in cities across the country has been rising. And "Atmospheric China 2020" shows that in 2019,

自2013年我国对臭氧进行全面监测以来,全国各城市臭氧的总体年平均浓度一直在上升。而《 2020年中国大气》显示,在2019年,

These near-ground ozone are often produced through secondary reactions. Nitrogen oxides (NOx) and volatile organic pollutants (VOCs) emitted from coal burning, motor vehicle exhaust, petrochemicals, etc., will generate ozone when exposed to ultraviolet light.

这些近地臭氧通常是通过副反应产生的。燃煤,机动车尾气,石化产品等产生的氮氧化物和挥发性有机污染物会在紫外线照射下产生臭氧。

When the accelerator is stepped on, hundreds of compounds are discharged into the air

踩下加速器时,数百种化合物会排放到空气中

And the car ownership is increasing year by year

而且汽车保有量逐年增加

It also makes the air quality suffer a greater test

这也使空气质量经受了更大的考验

(photo: Wang Zhiyong 577 / tuchong creative)

(摄影:王志勇577/土冲创意)

This also means,

这也意味着

China's atmospheric environmental governance has really entered the deep water area by now.

到目前为止,中国的大气环境治理已经真正进入了深水区。

In general, from the "Ten Atmospheres" in 2013 to the "Three-Year Action Plan for Winning the Blue Sky Defense" in 2018,

总体而言,从2013年的“十大氛围”到2018年的“赢得蓝天防御的三年行动计划”,

In the next step, Chinese society will continue to pay attention to air quality.

下一步,中国社会将继续关注空气质量。

Student dormitory equipped with solar energy devices at Beijing Jiaotong University

北亚博最新版在线登录京交通大学配备太阳能设备的学生宿舍

(photo: Oriental Taibai / tuchong creativity)

(摄影:东方太白/土冲创意)

In 2020, the "13th Five-Year Plan" will end soon, and the "14th Five-Year Plan" will come out soon. It is not difficult to imagine that air pollution control will still be an important part of it.

2020年,“十三五”规划将很快结束,“十四五”规划将很快出台。不难想象,空气污染控制仍将是其中的重要组成部分。

"Atmospheric China 2020" also provides advice and suggestions on air pollution related policies during the 14th Five-Year Plan.

在“第十二个五年计划”中,《 2020年中国大气》也就空气污染相关政策提供了建议。

For example, in view of the slowing down of PM2.5 concentration and the continuous increase of ozone, the two pollutants can be treated together, and the precursor pollutants NOx and VOCs that form ozone can be "dual controlled and double reduced".

例如,鉴于PM2.5浓度的降低和臭氧的持续增加,可以将两种污染物一起处理,并且可以对形成臭氧的前体污染物NOx和VOC进行“双重控制和双重还原”。

Of course, the management of deep water areas must be meticulous and scientific, which also puts forward higher requirements for the monitoring, collection, and disclosure of pollutant data.

当然,深水区的管理必须细致科学,这也对污染物数据的监测,收集和公开提出了更高的要求。

Of course, for some major pollution sources,

当然,对于某些主要污染源,

One after another, powerful electric vehicles come out

强大的电动汽车相继问世

Plus the country's support policy for the new energy industry

加上国家对新能源产业的支持政策

It's also a great improvement in environmental protection

环保上也有很大的进步

(Picture: makingultimate/Picture Worm Creative)▼

(图片:最终/图片蠕虫创意)▼

. In the past few years, there have been some advanced practices, such as controlling the total coal consumption and promoting the use of clean coal, which can effectively reduce the pollutants brought by coal-related industries. With the gradual elimination of outdated production capacity and the expansion of railway transportation capacity to replace road transportation, measures such as the orderly progress,

。在过去的几年中,有一些先进的做法,例如控制煤炭的总消耗量和促进清洁煤的使用,可以有效地减少与煤炭相关的产业带来的污染物。随着逐步淘汰落后产能和扩大铁路运输能力以取代公路运输,诸如有序推进,

China's energy consumption structure in 2018 and 2019

2018年和2019年中国的能源消费结构

Every bit of progress is paving the way for a better future for mankind

每一个进步都为人类更美好的未来铺平道路

(Photo: Asia Clean Air Center)▼

(照片:亚洲清洁空气中心)▼

This national environmental protection campaign is also closely related to everyone living on this land. Gather sand into a tower,

这项全国环境保护运动也与居住在这片土地上的每个人都息息相关。收集沙子成塔,

For a responsible and environmentally conscious young man,

对于一个负责任的,具有环保意识的年轻人,

Shared bicycles did not follow the failure of individual companies

共享的自行车没有跟随个别公司的失败

And disappeared from the public's sight

并从公众的视线中消失了

Instead, it has become a brick of China's air governance through experience accumulation

相反,通过经验积累,它已成为中国空中治理的一块砖

(Picture: Figure Worm Creative)▼

(图片:花虫创意)▼

There are many environmentally friendly lifestyles to improve everyone’s living environment,

有许多环保的生活方式可以改善每个人的生活环境,

 
 
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